Outside the sheer excitement over the neck-and-neck race, what exactly is at stake for us Filipinos in this US electoral exercise?
I say plenty. To begin with, it’s the fact that the US elections are taking place. We have patterned our representative democracy after the US’. We see that the system works. Perhaps, we could learn more from this latest exercise in terms of how the elections were actually conducted. While it has been bitterly fought, note that both parties stuck it out on the basis of issues.
There was no personal mudslinging and no vote buying as well. Note, too, how the political parties operate. For many Americans, they are often born into their political party. They may cross-political lines later in their lives – but the point is that they have strong political parties owing to the fact that politics in the US is still issue-based. How I wish our politicians could learn from this.
Then, there are the few issues that divide the two presidential candidates. Here, I disagree with columnist Billie Esposo who emphatically wrote that there is a divide between Obama and Romney on the issue of Iran. Truth to tell, on the basis of public pronouncements, both candidates said the same thing about Iran – they would heighten efforts to isolate Iran in order to compel it to drop its ambitions to be a nuclear state. BOTH, though, have declared that a military strike is still an option. If there will be the use of force against Iran that could drag the world into a third world war, it is not because of differences between the two candidates but because of the consistent American policy – that the US will not hesitate to resort to unilateral force against what it perceives as threats to international peace. Unfortunately, the folly in this policy is that it goes against the UN Charter which provides that use of force can only be resorted to by way of self-defense or when authorized by the UN Security Council.
Where the few policy differences relevant to us here in the Philippines lie are in the fields of immigration, human rights, reproductive health, and yes, China.
President Obama has already issued an executive order halting the deportation of children of illegal aliens who have not been convicted of any crimes and have not attained the age of 30. Romney has pledged to make life hell for illegal aliens. Full stop. Obviously, this is the single most important issue for us because we are today the second largest ethnic group in the US, with presumably the second largest number of illegal aliens in the US. Here, a Romney presidency would have caused sleepless nights to many Filipinos in the US and here. Now we can all sleep soundly.
Next is the role of human rights in US foreign policy. Here, President Obama has denied us American military assistance until such time that the Aquino administration has addressed the culture of impunity brought about by thousands of cases of extralegal killings and enforced disappearances. Here, I’m sure the PNoy administration would prefer a Romney presidency because either way you look at it, Aquino needs the military assistance divorced from the issue of human rights. Aquino has referred to the issue of human rights violations as “left propaganda”.
Then there’s reproductive health. Here, the Philippine Catholic Church and their devotees would like to see a Romney presidency since he has vowed to put an end to all federal funding to artificial birth control, including abortions. In fact, he has gone on to state that he would want the US Supreme Court to overturn Roe vs, Wade, the landmark case that legitimized abortions in the US. Here, I am so sure that the CBCP, Tita De Villa and Jo Imbong are still praying for a miracle to bring about a Romney victory.
Finally, there is the issue of China. Obama has consistently said that the US interest in the West Philippine Sea is to safeguard freedom of navigation in area. This is why he has frustrated PNoy since he has said that he will not get involved with our intramurals with China. Romney, on the other hand, would probably be the friend that PNoy wants against China. The latter views China’s recent economic and military rise as a threat to the United States. A Romney presidency would have been more aggressive against China. Let us hope now that a more aggressive stance is unnecessary with a new Chinese leader, as well.